LK is the abbreviation for Sri Lanka, the 120th largest country in the world. Officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka is a country located in South Asia. Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is the capital city of Sri Lanka. Major cities include Colombo (population: 648,023), Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia (population: 219,816), Moratuwa (population: 185,020), Jaffna (population: 169,091), Negombo (population: 137,212), Pita Kotte (population: 118,168), Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (population: 115,815), Kandy (population: 111,690), Trincomalee (population: 108,409), and Kalmunai (population: 100,160).
- Capital: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
- Language: Sinhala, Tamil
- Area: 65,610 km2
- Population: 21,670,011
- Currency: Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)
- Time zone: UTC+5:30
- Calling code: 94
- ISO 2-Letter Abbreviation: LK
- UN 3-Letter Abbreviation: LKA
- Internet TLD: .lk
- State Government Website: gov.lk
List of Sri Lanka Acronyms
The most commonly used abbreviations about Sri Lanka are LK which stands for Sri Lanka and LKR which means Sri Lankan rupee (Sri Lanka currency). In the following table, you can see all acronyms related to Sri Lanka, including abbreviations for airport, city, school, port, government, and etc.
Abbreviation Meaning ARASL Amateur Rowing Association of Sri Lanka AATSL Association of Accounting Technicians of Sri Lanka ASLHK Association of Sri Lankans in Hong Kong AASL Athletic Association of Sri Lanka BABS Boutique Accommodation Bandarawela Sri-Lanka CSL Caritas Sri Lanka CAASL Civil Aviation Authority of Sri Lanka CGPSL College of General Practitioners of Sri Lanka CMB Colombo, Sri Lanka – Katunayake International CSSL Computer Society of Sri Lanka EUSL Eastern University of Sri Lanka EFSL Emace Foundation of Sri Lanka FOGSL Field Ornithology Group of Sri Lanka FFSL Football Federation of Sri Lanka FRSL Foundation for Rebuilding Sri Lanka FSLBC Franco-Sri Lankan Business Council FPSL Friends for Peace in Sri Lanka FOSLA Friends of Sri Lanka Association GASL Gemmologists Association of Sri Lanka GMSL Green Movement of Sri Lanka HSL Helvetas Sri Lanka ISLA Indo-Sri Lanka Accord IPSL Institute of Physics, Sri Lanka IESL Institution of Engineers Sri Lanka JDS Journalists for Democracy in Sri Lanka MASL Muslim Aid Sri Lanka NHF Narada Savana Foundation (Sri Lanka) NCASL National Construction Association of Sri Lanka NCCASL National Construction Contractors Association of Sri Lanka NHSL National Hospital of Sri Lanka NITESL National Institute of Technical Education of Sri Lanka NPCSL National Peace Council of Sri Lanka OPA Organization of Professional Associations of Sri Lanka OBSL Outward Bound-Sri Lanka PSL Pina Sri Lanka PISL Plan International Sri Lanka RSSL Radio Society of Sri Lanka RPSL Real Patriotic Sri Lankans RRISL Rubber Research Institute of Sri Lanka SASL Samurdhi Authority of Sri Lanka SSL Serving Sri Lanka SSSSL Soil Science Society of Sri Lanka SEUSL South Eastern University of Sri Lanka SATELLITE Sri Lanka LKER Sri Lanka SL Sri Lanka LK Sri Lanka LKA Sri Lanka CE Sri Lanka SASA Sri Lanka Administrative Service Association SLAF Sri Lanka Air Force SLAHSS Sri Lanka Association for Health Social Sciences SLAQ Sri Lanka Association for Quality SLASI Sri Lanka Association for the Software Industry SLANE Sri Lanka Association of New England SLARDAR Sri Lanka Association of Racing Drivers and Riders SLBC Sri Lanka Baptist Church SLBF Sri Lanka Basketball Federation SLBC Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corporation SLBT Sri Lanka Buddhist Temple SLBD Sri Lanka Business Directory SLCA Sri Lanka Canada Association SLACC Sri Lanka Ceramics Council SLCB Sri Lanka Convention Bureau SLCARP Sri Lanka Council for Agricultural Research Policy SLCB Sri Lanka Council for the Blind SLCF Sri Lanka Cricket Foundation SLCA Sri Lanka Cricketers Association SLEF Sri Lanka Ecotourism Foundation SLEMA Sri Lanka Energy Managers Association SLEDB Sri Lanka Export Development Board SLFAA Sri Lanka First Aid Association SLFPA Sri Lanka Food Processors Association SLFI Sri Lanka Foundation Institute SLGR Sri Lanka Government Railway SLIIT Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology SLLRDC Sri Lanka Land Reclamation and Development Corporation SLLA Sri Lanka Library Association SLLI Sri Lanka Light Infantry SLMP Sri Lanka Mahajana Party SLMA Sri Lanka Malay Association SLMA Sri Lanka Medical Association SLML Sri Lanka Medical Library SLMA Sri Lanka Military Academy SLMM Sri Lanka Monitoring Mission SLMCC Sri Lanka Motor Cycle Club SLNB Sri Lanka National Bibliography SLNHA Sri Lanka National Health Accounts SLOVENE Sri Lanka Navy SLN Sri Lanka Navy SLNP Sri Lanka Nidahas Pakshaya SLPA Sri Lanka Parents Association SLPSP Sri Lanka Peace Support Project SLPA Sri Lanka Photo Album SLP Sri Lanka Police SLPD Sri Lanka Police Department SLPA Sri Lanka Port Authority SPG Sri Lanka Pugwath Group SLR Sri Lanka Railway SLRCS Sri Lanka Red Cross Society SLRC Sri Lanka Rupawahini Corporation SLR Sri Lanka Rupee SLSMS Sri Lanka Saukyadana Movement SLSM Sri Lanka Saukyadana Movement SLS Sri Lanka Solidarity SLSI Sri Lanka Standards Institution SLT Sri Lanka Telecom SLTA Sri Lanka Tennis Association SLVA Sri Lanka Veterinary Association SLWC Sri Lanka Women’s Conference SLYP Sri Lanka Youth Parliament SLCSF Sri Lanka-Canada Scholarship Foundation SLA Sri Lankan Army SLA Sri Lankan Association SLM Sri Lankan Military SLMA Sri Lankan Muslims Association LKR Sri Lankan Rupee ALK Srilankan Airlines UL Srilankan Airlines Code TRCSL Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka UNASL United Nations Association of Sri Lanka WUSL Wayamba University of Sri Lanka WAPS World Alliance for Peace in Sri Lanka
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Sri Lanka is an island in the Indian Ocean. The landscape can be divided into three main types: rainy lowlands in the southwest, dry lowlands in the northeast and highlands in the south. The highest mountain, Pidurutalagala, is 2524 meters above sea level. Down from the mountains, rivers flow in many directions. Along the coast there are sandy beaches and lagoons. The climate is tropical and warm with little differences between seasons, but the temperature varies between the regions of the country. In the southwest it is warm and humid, in the north it is dry and very hot and in the highlands in the south it is colder. Monsoon rain gives the east coast rainfall in the summer, and the west coast rainfall in the winter.
Sri Lanka’s biggest environmental problem is rapid deforestation. This has led to soil erosion, destruction of natural animal habitats and increased flood vulnerability. In the 1970s, the authorities started a tree planting project. They have also prohibited harvesting of forests more than 1500 meters above sea level. Unfortunately, the measures have had little effect, and Sri Lanka’s forest continues to disappear.
The Sinhalese came to the island 2,500 years ago. They created a high culture and drove the indigenous people into the jungle. When the Portuguese arrived in Sri Lanka in 1505, there were two Sinhalese and one Tamil kingdom on the island. Despite fierce opposition from the inhabitants, the Portuguese colonized the island quickly. In the middle of the 17th century, the Portuguese were driven out by the Dutch, who were again defeated by the British towards the end of the 17th century. The British established large tea and rubber plantations, introduced monetary economics and forced the inhabitants to pay taxes. In response to the colonial power, a liberation movement emerged demanding independence.
It was not until 1948 that the country became an independent state in the British Commonwealth. Disgust between Sinhalese and Tamils grew because the Sinhalese had special advantages: the official language was to be Sinhalese, and their religion, Buddhism, became official state religion. In order to fight for the rights of the Tamils, the radical movement of the Tamil Tigers (LTTE) arose, demanding an independent Tamil state. From 1983-2009, the country was ravaged by civil war because of the conflict between the Sinhalese and the Tamils, where more than 70,000 people died.
Society and politics
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Sri Lanka is a democratic republic with universal suffrage. The President and the National Assembly are elected every five years. The 1978 Constitution gives the president a lot of power – the president elects the prime minister, is the army chief and can dissolve the national assembly after four and a half years. Although Sri Lanka is initially democratic, democratic problems such as abuse of power, corruption, electoral fraud and political repression have occurred.
The conflict between the authorities and the Tamil Tigers (LTTE) has characterized politics. After several peace processes, the war ended in 2009, when the government forces fought the Tamil Tigers. A political solution to the conflict has failed. The international community has criticized Sri Lanka for human rights violations during the civil war.
Poverty has been reduced in recent decades, but many are still poor. Compared to other countries in the region, Sri Lanka has a relatively good welfare system, and several health services are free. Women have a weak position in society and are discriminated against in the work and education system. Tamils and gays also experience systematic discrimination.
Economics and Commerce
Sri Lanka’s economy was previously based on agriculture and simple industry. In the 1970s, tea, coconut and rubber accounted for 90 percent of export revenue, but today these goods make up only 20 percent of exports.
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The textile industry, the service sector and the construction industry have taken over, and today generate large revenues. Tourism is another important source of income, and the peace in 2009 has given the tourism industry a boost. In addition, many work abroad and send money home to Sri Lanka.
After the peace, foreign companies have also become more interested in establishing themselves in Sri Lanka. Since the 1950s, export earnings have not been able to cover imports. Thus, Sri Lanka has borrowed money and this has given the country large foreign debt.
The economy is largely controlled by lending institutions such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank. These have, among other things, demanded that the country privatize and cut back on the public sector. Unemployment in Sri Lanka has declined over the past few years, but youth unemployment remains a problem.
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